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References for Psychiatry
and Lyme/Tick-Borne Diseases

This is a list of references in the medical/scientific literature on psychiatry and Lyme/tick-borne disease. Dr Brian Fallon has published more than any other single author in the peer reviewed literature. Below are some of his articles and some other peer reviewed articles:

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis [letter]
AUTHORS: Fallon BA, Nields JA.
SOURCE: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 1998 Summer;10(3):366-7

The association between tick-borne infections, Lyme borreliosis and autism spectrum disorders
AUTHORS: Bransfield RC, Wulfman JS, Harvey WT, Usman AI
SOURCE: Medical Hypotheses. 5 Nov 2007

Audiologic manifestations of patients with post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome
AUTHORS: Shotland LI, Mastrioanni MA, Choo DL, Szymko-Bennett YM, Dally LG, Pikus AT, Sledjeski K, Marques A
SOURCE: Ear Hear. 2003 Dec;24(6):508-17

Borrelia burgdorferi central nervous system infection presenting as an organic schizophrenialike disorder.
AUTHORS: Hess A, Buchmann J, Zettl UK, Henschel S, Schlaefke D, Grau G, Benecke R.
SOURCE: Biol Psychiatry 1999 Mar 15;45(6):795

Borrelia burgdorferi-seropositive chronic encephalomyelopathy: Lyme neuroborreliosis? An autopsied report.
AUTHORS: Kobayashi K, Mizukoshi C, Aoki T, Muramori F, Hayashi M, Miyazu K, Koshino Y, Ohta M, Nakanishi I, Yamaguchi N.
SOURCE: Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord. 1997 Nov-Dec;8(6):384-90.

Brain SPECT Imaging in Chronic Lyme Disease.
AUTHORS: Plutchok JJ, Tikofsky RS, Liegner KB, Fallon BA, Van Heertum RL.
SOURCE: Journal of Spirochetal and Tick Borne-Diseases, 1999; 6: 10-16.

Carbamazepine in the treatment of Lyme disease-induced hyperacusis.
AUTHORS: Nields JA, Fallon BA, Jastreboff PJ.
SOURCE: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 1999 Winter;11(1):97-9

Central nervous system manifestations of human ehrlichiosis.
AUTHORS: Ratnasamy N, Everett ED, Roland WE, McDonald G, Caldwell CW.
SOURCE: Clin Infect Dis 1996 Aug;23(2):314-9

Cerebral metabolic changes associated with Lyme disease
AUTHORS: Newberg A, Hassan A, Alavi A.
SOURCE: Nucl Med Commun 2002 August;23(8):773-777

Chronic neurologic manifestations of erythema migrans borreliosis.
AUTHORS: Ackermann R, Rehse-Kupper B, Gollmer E, Schmidt R.
SOURCE: Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1988;539:16-23.

Co-existance of toxoplasmosis and neuroborreliosis - a case report.
AUTHORS: Gustaw K, Beltowska K, Dlugosz E.
SOURCE: Ann Agric Environ Med. 2005;12(2):305-8.

Cognitive processing speed in Lyme disease.
AUTHORS: Pollina DA, Sliwinski M, Squires NK, Krupp LB.
SOURCE: Neuropsychiatry Neuropsychol Behav Neurol. 1999 Jan;12(1):72-8.

Constipation Heralding Neuroborreliosis
AUTHORS: Shamim A, Shamim S; Liss G; Nylen E; Pincus J; Yepes M.
SOURCE: Arch Neurol. 2005;62:671-673.

A Controlled Study of Cognitive Deficits in Children With Chronic Lyme Disease
AUTHORS: Tager FA, Fallon BA, Keilp J, Rissenberg M, Jones CR, Liebowitz MR.
SOURCE: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 13:500-507, November 2001

Delirium and Lyme disease.
AUTHORS: Caliendo MV, Kushon DJ, Helz JW.
SOURCE: Psychosomatics. 1995 Jan-Feb;36(1):69-74.

Differential Diagnosis and Treatment of Lyme Disease with Special Reference to Psychiatric Practice.
AUTHORS: Nields JA, Fallon BA.
SOURCE: Directions in Psychiatry, 1998, 18: 209-228.

Endogenous paranoid-hallucinatory syndrome caused by Borrelia encephalitis
AUTHORS: Barnett W, Sigmund D, Roelcke U, Mundt C.
SOURCE: Nervenarzt 1991 Jul;62(7):445-7 [German]

Epidemiologic, clinical, and laboratory findings of human ehrlichiosis in the United States, 1988.
AUTHORS: Eng TR, Harkess JR, Fishbein DB, Dawson JE, Greene CN, Redus MA, Satalowich FT.
SOURCE: JAMA 1990 Nov 7;264(17):2251-8

Failure of tetracycline therapy in early Lyme disease.
AUTHORS: Dattwyler RJ, Halperin JJ.
SOURCE: Arthritis Rheum. 1987 Apr;30(4):448-50.

Functional Brain Imaging and Neuropsychological Testing in Lyme Disease
AUTHORS: Fallon BA, Das S, Plutchok JJ, Tager F, Liegner K, Van Heertum R.
SOURCE: CID 1997; 25:S57-63

Geographic correlation of schizophrenia to ticks and tick-borne encephalitis.
SOURCE: Schizophr Bull 1994;20(4):755-75

Geographic distribution of Lyme disease in Mudanjiang
SOURCE: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 1991 Jun;12(3):154-7. [Chinese]

Higher Prevalence of Antibodies to Borrelia Burgdorferi in Psychiatric Patients Than in Healthy Subjects
AUTHORS: Hajek T, Paskova B, Janovska D, Bahbouh R, Hajek P, Libiger J, Hoschl C.
SOURCE: Am J Psychiatry 159:297-301, February 2002

Human babesiosis--an unrecorded reality.
SOURCE: Med Hypotheses. 2004;63(4):609-15

Late-Stage Neuropsychiatric Lyme Borreliosis: Differential Diagnosis and Treatment
AUTHORS: Fallon BA, Schwartzberg M, Bransfield R, Zimmerman B, Scotti A, Weber CA, Liebowitz MR.
SOURCE: Psychosomatics 1995;36:295-300

Long-term cognitive effects of Lyme disease in children.
AUTHORS: Adams WV, Rose CD, Eppes SC, Klein JD.
SOURCE: Appl Neuropsychol 1999;6(1):39-45

Loss of the sense of humor
AUTHORS: Ramanan SV.
SOURCE: Arch Intern Med 2000 Sep 11;160(16):2546

Lyme borreliosis in neurology and psychiatry
AUTHORS: Kohler J.
SOURCE: Fortschr Med. 1990 Apr 10;108(10):191-3, 197. Review. [German]

Lyme disease--neuroborreliosis
AUTHORS: Jovanovic J, Cvjetkovic D, Vukadinov J.
SOURCE: Med Pregl. 1995;48(3-4):120-2. [Serbo-Croatian: Roman]

Lyme Disease: A Neuropsychiatric Illness
AUTHORS: Fallon BA, Nields JA.
SOURCE: Am J Psychiatry 1994 Nov;151(11):1571-83

Lyme encephalopathy.
AUTHORS: Sanders K, Rogers JD.
SOURCE: Neurology. 1991 Jun;41(6):952-3.

Lyme encephalopathy: long-term neuropsychological deficits years after acute neuroborreliosis.
AUTHORS: Benke T, Gasse T, Hittmair-Delazer M, Schmutzhard E.
SOURCE: Acta Neurol Scand. 1995 May;91(5):353-7.

Lyme neuroborreliosis manifesting as an intracranial mass lesion.
AUTHORS: Murray R, Morawetz R, Kepes J, el Gammal T, LeDoux M.
SOURCE: Neurosurgery. 1992 May;30(5):769-73.

Lyme neuroborreliosis of mental manifestation. Apropos of a case
AUTHORS: Gueglio B, Raffi F, Marjolet M.
SOURCE: Rev Med Interne. 1996;17(7):599. [French]

Lyme neuroborreliosis revealed as a normal pressure hydrocephalus: a cause of reversible dementia.
AUTHORS: Etienne M, Carvalho P, Fauchais AL, Pestel-Caron M, Doucet J, Chassagne P.
SOURCE: J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Apr;51(4):579-80.

Lyme Psychosis
AUTHORS: van den Bergen HA, Smith JP, van der Zwan A.
SOURCE: Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 1993 Oct 9;137(41):2098-100 [Dutch]

Memory and executive functions in adolescents with posttreatment Lyme disease
AUTHORS: McAuliffe P, Brassard MR, Fallon B
SOURCE: Applied Neuropsychology, Volume 15, Issue 3 July 2008, pp. 208 - 219

Meningoradiculoencephalitis in Lyme disease. A case with major regressive mental disorders.
AUTHORS: Ferroir JP, Reignier A, Nicolle MH, Guillard A.
SOURCE: Presse Med. 1988 Apr 16;17(14):697. [French]

Mental disorders in the course of lyme borreliosis and tick borne encephalitis
AUTHORS: Juchnowicz D, Rudnik I, Czernikiewicz A, Zajkowska J, Pancewicz SA.
SOURCE: Przegl Epidemiol 2002;56 Suppl 1:37-50 [Polish]

Mental disorders in the course of neuroborreliosis: own observation
AUTHORS: Zajkowska JM, Poplawska R, Pancewicz SA, Kondrusik M, Gudel I, Snarska I.
SOURCE: Psychiatr Pol 1999 Nov-Dec;33(6):939-46 [Polish]

Mental disorders in Lyme disease
AUTHORS: Rudnik-Szalaj I, Poplawska R, Zajkowska J, Szulc A, Pancewicz SA, Gudel I.
SOURCE: Pol Merkuriusz Lek. 2001 Nov;11(65):460-2. Review. [Polish]

Mental problems in Lyme disease
AUTHORS: Rudnik I, Poplawska R, Zajkowska J, Konarzewska B, Juchnowicz D, Pancewicz SA
SOURCE: Pol Merkuriusz Lek. 2003 Aug;15(86):161-4

Multiple neurologic manifestations of Borrelia burgdorferi infection
SOURCE: Rev Neurol (Paris) 1988;144(12):765-75 [French]

Munchausen's syndrome by proxy and Lyme disease: medical misogyny or diagnostic mystery?
SOURCE: Med Hypotheses. 2005;65(3):440-7.

Musical Hallucinations in Patients with Lyme Disease
AUTHORS: Stricker, Winger
SOURCE: Southern Medical Journal 2003; 96(7):711-715

Neuroborreliosis: a psychiatric problem?
AUTHORS: Poplawska R, Szulc A, Zajkowska J, Pancewicz S.
SOURCE: Psychiatr Pol 1999 Mar-Apr;33(2):241-50 [Polish]

Neurologic syndromes in Lyme disease
AUTHORS: Zajkowska JM, Hermanowska-Szpakowicz T, Kondrusik M, Pancewicz SA
SOURCE: Pol Merkuriusz Lek. 2000 Aug;9(50):584-8. Review. [Polish]

Neurological and psychological symptoms after the severe acute neuroborreliosis.
AUTHORS: Gustaw K, Beltowska K, Studzinska MM.
SOURCE: Ann Agric Environ Med 2001;8(1):91-4

Neuropsychiatric Lyme Disease: the New 'Great Imitator'
AUTHOR: Fallon B
SOURCE: Psychiatric Times, June 2004

The neuropsychiatric manifestations of Lyme borreliosis
AUTHORS: Fallon BA, Nields JA, Burrascano JJ, Liegner K, DelBene D, Liebowitz MR.
SOURCE: Psychiatr Q 1992 Spring;63(1):95-117

Neuropsychiatric Lyme Disease.
SOURCE: Harvard Mental Health Letter, Forum 10/95

Neuropsychiatric manifestations of Lyme disease
AUTHORS: Paparone PW.
SOURCE: J Am Osteopath Assoc 1998 Jul;98(7):373-8

Neuropsychological functioning in chronic Lyme disease.
AUTHORS: Westervel HJ, McCaffrey RJ.
SOURCE: Neuropsychol Rev 2002 Sep;12(3):153-77 Review.

The organic disorders in the course of Lyme disease
AUTHORS: Rudnik I, Konarzewska B, Zajkowska J, Juchnowicz D, Markowski T, Pancewicz SA
SOURCE: Pol Merkuriusz Lek. 2004 Apr;16(94):328-31

Pain, fatigue, depression after borreliosis. Antibiotics used up--what next?
AUTHORS: Woessner R, Treib J
SOURCE: MMW Fortschr Med. 2003 Sep 18;145(38):45-8

Painful hallucinations and somatic delusions in a patient with the possible diagnosis of neuroborreliosis.
AUTHORS: Bar KJ, Jochum T, Hager F, Meissner W, Sauer H.
SOURCE: Clin J Pain. 2005 Jul-Aug;21(4):362-3.

Panic Attacks May Reveal Previously Unsuspected Chronic Disseminated Lyme Disease
SOURCE: Journal of Psychiatric Practice, 6:352-356, November 2000

Parasitic delirium in patient with multiorganic pathology: a complex situation
AUTHORS: Hernandez-Albujar S, Rubio G, Gopar J, Galeote G, Rey R, Gil A.
SOURCE: An Med Interna 1996 Nov;13(11):549-51 [Spanish]

The Physician as a Patient: Lyme Disease, Ehrlichiosis, and Babesiosis
A Recounting of a Personal Experience with Tick-Borne Diseases
SOURCE: Practical Gastroenterology, January 2000

Post-Lyme syndrome and chronic fatigue syndrome. Neuropsychiatric similarities and differences.
AUTHORS: Gaudino EA, Coyle PK, Krupp LB.
SOURCE: Arch Neurol 1997 Nov;54(11):1372-6

Prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi serum antibodies in 651 patients with predominantly neurologic diseases
AUTHORS: Muller M, Retzl J, Plank E, Scholz H, Ziervogel H, Stanek G.
SOURCE: Wien Klin Wochenschr. 1993;105(21):599-602. [German]

Preventable cases of autism: relationship between chronic infectious diseases and neurological outcome.
AUTHOR: Bransfield, R.
SOURCE: Pediatric Health. April 2009, Vol. 3, No. 2, Pages 125-140.

Psychiatric aspects of Lyme disease in children and adolescents:
A community epidemiologic study in Westchester, New York
AUTHORS: Fallon BA, Bird H, Hoven C, Cameron D, Liebowitz MR, Shaffer S.
SOURCE: JSTD 1994; 1:98-100

Psychiatric manifestations of Lyme borreliosis
AUTHORS: Fallon BA, Nields JA, Parsons B, Liebowitz MR, Klein DF.
SOURCE: J Clin Psychiatry 1993 Jul;54(7):263-8

Psychiatric presentations of non-HIV infectious diseases.
AUTHORS: Schneider RK, Robinson MJ, Levenson JL.
SOURCE: Psychiatr Clin North Am 2002 Mar;25(1):1-16

Psychologic disorders in acute and persistent neuroborreliosis
AUTHORS: Poplawska R, Konarzewska B, Gudel-Trochimowicz I, Szulc A.
SOURCE: Pol Merkuriusz Lek 2001 Jan;10(55):36-7 [Polish]

Psychological states and neuropsychological performances in chronic Lyme disease
AUTHORS: Elkins LE, Pollina DA, Scheffer SR, Krupp LB.
SOURCE: Appl Neuropsychol 1999;6(1):19-26

A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of repeated IV antibiotic therapy for Lyme encephalopathy
AUTHORS: Fallon BA, et. al.
SOURCE: Neurology, first published on October 10, 2007 as doi

Rapidly progressive frontal-type dementia associated with Lyme disease
AUTHORS: Waniek C, Prohovnik I, Kaufman MA, Dwork AJ.
SOURCE: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 1995 Summer;7(3):345-7

Recurrent and relapsing course of borreliosis of the nervous system
AUTHORS: Omasits M, Seiser A, Brainin M.
SOURCE: Wien Klin Wochenschr. 1990 Jan 5;102(1):4-12. Review. [German]

Regional cerebral blood flow and cognitive deficits in chronic lyme disease.
AUTHORS: Fallon BA, Keilp J, Prohovnik I, Heertum RV, Mann JJ.
SOURCE: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2003 Summer;15(3):326-32.

Repeated Antibiotic Therapy in Chronic Lyme Disease.
AUTHORS: Fallon BA, Weis N, Tager F, Fein L, Liegner K, Liebowitz MR.
SOURCE: Journal of Spirochetal and Tick Borne Diseases, 1999; 6: 1-9.

Reversible cerebral hypoperfusion in Lyme encephalopathy
AUTHORS: Logigian EL, Johnson KA, Kijewski MF, Kaplan RF, Becker JA, Jones KJ, Garada BM, Holman BL, Steere AC.
SOURCE: Neurology 1997 Dec;49(6):1661-70

Seasonal correlation of sporadic schizophrenia to Ixodes ticks and Lyme borreliosis
AUTHORS: Fritzsche M.
SOURCE: International Journal of Health Geographics 2002 1:2

Sleep quality in Lyme disease.
AUTHORS: Greenberg HE, Ney G, Scharf SM, Ravdin L, Hilton E.
SOURCE: Sleep. 1995 Dec;18(10):912-6.

Tc-99m HMPAO Brain SPECT Imaging in Chronic Lyme Disease.
AUTHORS: Plutchok, Tikofsky, Liegner, Kochevar, Fallon, Van Heertum.
SOURCE: JSTD Vol. 6, No. 3, 1999. pp. 117-122.

Tullio phenomenon and seronegative Lyme borreliosis [letter]
AUTHORS: Nields JA, Kueton JF.
SOURCE: Lancet 1991 Jul 13;338(8759):128-9

A 25-year-old woman with hallucinations, hypersexuality, nightmares, and a rash.
AUTHORS: Stein SL, Solvason HB, Biggart E, Spiegel D.
SOURCE: Am J Psychiatry. 1996 Apr;153(4):545-51.

The Underdiagnosis of Neuropsychiatric Lyme Disease in Children and Adults
AUTHORS: Fallon BA, Kochevar JM, Gaito A, Nields JA.
SOURCE: Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 1998; 21: 693-703

Untreated neuroborreliosis: Bannwarth's syndrome evolving into acute schizophrenia-like psychosis. A case report.
AUTHORS: Roelcke U, Barnett W, Wilder-Smith E, Sigmund D, Hacke W.
SOURCE: J Neurol 1992 Mar;239(3):129-31

WAIS-III and WMS-III performance in chronic Lyme disease.
AUTHORS: Keilp JG, Corbera K, Slavov I, Taylor MJ, Sackeim HA, Fallon BA.
SOURCE: J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2006 Jan;12(1):119-29

Neuropsychiatric Lyme Disease Online Resources: